Plastic modeling – Plamo http://www.plamo.info/ Wed, 21 Jul 2021 12:47:58 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://www.plamo.info/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/icon-3-105x105.png Plastic modeling – Plamo http://www.plamo.info/ 32 32 New plastic pollution report says we have 29 years to save the ocean https://www.plamo.info/new-plastic-pollution-report-says-we-have-29-years-to-save-the-ocean/ https://www.plamo.info/new-plastic-pollution-report-says-we-have-29-years-to-save-the-ocean/#respond Wed, 21 Jul 2021 10:34:29 +0000 https://www.plamo.info/new-plastic-pollution-report-says-we-have-29-years-to-save-the-ocean/ First developed in the 19th century, plastic exploded in the 20th century, with production increasing from 2 million tonnes in 1950 to 348 million tonnes in 2017. valued at US $ 522.6 billion, the plastics industry is expected to double in capacity again by 2040, which will obviously lead to more plastic pollution, especially the […]]]>

First developed in the 19th century, plastic exploded in the 20th century, with production increasing from 2 million tonnes in 1950 to 348 million tonnes in 2017. valued at US $ 522.6 billion, the plastics industry is expected to double in capacity again by 2040, which will obviously lead to more plastic pollution, especially the amount of plastic in the ocean, which could total nearly 150 million metric tonnes.

(main) image by volodymyr hryshchenko at unsplash
(above) image by Jon tyson at unsplash

a new report published by pew charitable trusts and titled breaking the plastic wave – a comprehensive assessment of pathways to stopping plastic pollution in the oceans says the world must implement drastic measures to prevent plastic from reaching our oceans by 2050, which gives us around 29 years to save the ocean.

New plastic pollution report says we have 29 years to save the ocean
image by Naja Bertolt Jensen at unsplash

the break the plastic wave is a global analysis using one-of-a-kind modeling, showing that we can reduce annual plastic flows into the ocean by around 80% over the next 20 years by applying existing solutions and technologies. no single solution can achieve this goal; the only way to achieve this is to take immediate, ambitious and concerted action. regulations currently focus on specific items, recycling or disposal, but the study suggests that efforts are also needed to eliminate its use.

New plastic pollution report says we have 29 years to save the ocean
image by Dustan log house at unsplash

the study suggests that to prevent plastic from entering the oceans, we need to reduce the use of plastic, find substitutes, improve our recycling practices, expand waste collection, and prevent plastic leaks from disposable facilities. if these solutions are applied, the study indicates that we could reduce by about 80% of the annual flow of plastic in the ocean by 2040. it is true that many technologies already exist to meet this challenge, but what what we lack is infrastructure, policies, business processes and financing. the idea is that there is a reorientation of investments from the production of new plastic towards the development of reuse and recharging systems, sustainable substitute materials, better recycling facilities, more collection and recycling infrastructure. new delivery methods.

New plastic pollution report says we have 29 years to save the ocean
image by Naja Bertolt Jensen at unsplash

“Breaking the plastic wave will require each nation to do its part, but in different ways. middle- and low-income countries should focus on expanding plastic waste collection, maximizing reduction and substitution, investing in sorting and recycling infrastructure, and reducing leakage from disposal sites. waste. high-income countries should push to reduce plastic use, increase recycling rates, end plastic waste exports and tackle microplastic leakage. ‘

read the full report here.

juliana neira I design boom

Jul 21, 2021


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Swedish chemists played a role in the history of plastic and injection molding https://www.plamo.info/swedish-chemists-played-a-role-in-the-history-of-plastic-and-injection-molding/ https://www.plamo.info/swedish-chemists-played-a-role-in-the-history-of-plastic-and-injection-molding/#respond Tue, 20 Jul 2021 12:41:59 +0000 https://www.plamo.info/swedish-chemists-played-a-role-in-the-history-of-plastic-and-injection-molding/ There are some innovations that have a better, smarter, and even a little more fun impact on the world, and when a Nordic business, organization or individual plays a big role, it’s important to point out. In December 2020, ScandeAsia shared how the Finnish innovations Oura and Solar Foods were selected by TIME among the […]]]>

There are some innovations that have a better, smarter, and even a little more fun impact on the world, and when a Nordic business, organization or individual plays a big role, it’s important to point out.

In December 2020, ScandeAsia shared how the Finnish innovations Oura and Solar Foods were selected by TIME among the top 100 innovations that change the way we live, but another important innovation has also changed the way we live. It was the creation of plastics and 174 years ago a Swedish chemist was instrumental in the history of plastics and injection molding.

If you want to know more about the history, in this article Modeling United States follows the history of plastic and injection molding, it focuses on the invention of the first plastic molding machine and the evolution of technology since then. It describes how our fellow Nordic, Swedish chemist Jacob Berzelius in 1847 paved the way for the development of artificial commercial plastic with his development of first condensation polymer.

And looking back, when Alexander Parkes, 15 years later, in 1856, invented the first thermoplastic, he probably had no idea how ubiquitous his invention would become in the centuries that followed. Today, thanks to the invention of injection molding, plastic is used in almost any industry you can imagine, including manufacturing, packaging, construction, education, transportation and personal care. health.

Read the full article covering who invented the first plastic molding machine, when the first commercial man-made plastic became available, who invented the first condensation polymer, what are the future developments in plastic and injection molding, and Why the first screw injection molding machine created a seismic change in the plastics industry by Molding USA here.


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Cedar Rapids man testifies that Drew Blahnik killed Chris Bagley for another man’s revenge https://www.plamo.info/cedar-rapids-man-testifies-that-drew-blahnik-killed-chris-bagley-for-another-mans-revenge/ https://www.plamo.info/cedar-rapids-man-testifies-that-drew-blahnik-killed-chris-bagley-for-another-mans-revenge/#respond Tue, 20 Jul 2021 01:27:00 +0000 https://www.plamo.info/cedar-rapids-man-testifies-that-drew-blahnik-killed-chris-bagley-for-another-mans-revenge/ Drew Blahnik listens to opening statements on July 16 during his trial in Linn County District Court in Cedar Rapids on Friday. Blahnik is charged with first degree murder, corpse abuse and obstructing prosecution in the fatal assault on Chris Bagley in December 2018. (Liz Martin / The Gazette) CEDAR RAPIDS – A man from […]]]>

Drew Blahnik listens to opening statements on July 16 during his trial in Linn County District Court in Cedar Rapids on Friday. Blahnik is charged with first degree murder, corpse abuse and obstructing prosecution in the fatal assault on Chris Bagley in December 2018. (Liz Martin / The Gazette)

CEDAR RAPIDS – A man from Cedar Rapids already convicted of his role in the fatal stabbing attack on Chris Bagley in 2018 testified for the prosecution on Monday – telling jurors how accused Drew Blahnik committed the murder on behalf of their mutual drug dealer in revenge for the thefts.

Blahnik is on trial for first degree murder. He has pleaded not guilty and plans to claim self-defense or the defense of others during the trial.

Early in the morning of December 14, 2018, Drew Wagner said he and Blahnik, 34, went to Paul Hoff’s mobile home in Cedar Rapids to harm Bagley.

Drew Wagner is led out of the courtroom on June 22, 2020, following his plea hearing at the Linn County Courthouse in Cedar Rapids. Wagner pleaded guilty to seven counts associated with the murder of Chris Bagley and possession of marijuana and THC cartridges at the time of the murder, as well as the lack of a tax stamp. (Rebecca F. Miller / The Gazette)

Wagner was supposed to take Hoff to another room and leave Blahnik with Bagley in the front room. But soon Wagner got into an argument with Bagley, and it turned into a scramble match. Bagley told Wagner he wasn’t as tough as he thought he was. Blahnik was behind Bagley – smiling because their plan was about to be executed, Wagner told jurors.

Drug dealer Andrew Shaw wanted to see Bagley killed because he stole money and drugs from Shaw and beat him in an incident, Wagner said.

Wagner said Bagley stole amounts ranging from $ 23,000 to $ 200,000 from Shaw. He said Shaw asked Blahnik if he would kill Bagley for “something big” – he said he hadn’t heard the dollar amount. Blahnik replied that it “would cost you a lot more than that”. They spoke in November 2018 about getting an untraceable “ghost gun” with a silencer, Wagner said on Monday.

During the scramble match, Wagner said he grabbed Bagley by the shirt and threw him against a wall. He then “charged” Bagley and gave him a hug. The men were face to face and Wagner told Bagley to “relax,” he said.

Wagner said he didn’t want to hurt Bagley, but Blahnik yelled “gun, gun”. Wagner said he hadn’t seen a weapon on Bagley but had seen one on the ground. He said he never saw Bagley pick up a gun or point one at him during the fight.

Wagner then grabbed Bagley from behind and put him in a headlock to keep him from moving. He said I soon felt like “something had bit my hand.” Later, he testified, he realized he had been stabbed by Blahnik, who had intended to stab Bagley instead.

Blahnik told Wagner to let go of Bagley and Wagner moved away to retrieve his glasses which had been knocked over in the fight. Turning around, he said he saw Blahnik stabbing his arm. Blahnik had Bagley by the hair or the head, he told jurors.

Wagner said he didn’t know how many times Bagley was stabbed. According to Friday’s testimony at trial, Bagley died from 17 stab wounds to the neck and chest.

Bagley was never a threat, Wagner said. If Blahnik hadn’t gotten involved, Bagley wouldn’t have been seriously injured.

“The accused (Blahnik) is much stronger than Bagley and can fight,” Wagner said.

After the stabbing, he saw Blahnik hand the knife to Hoff. Wagner said Hoff never tried to intervene. Wagner said he “instinctively” said they should call 911.

“I saw that he was injured and needed help,” Wagner said, heartbreaking during his testimony.

Blahnik did not say the stabbing was in self-defense or suggest calling the police at the time, Wagner said. Blahnik and Hoff mentioned going to Perkins for lunch after Bagley’s death. Blahnik told Wagner that he needed to “relax if you want to get out of here.”

Hoff pulled out a tarp, like the one used for the painting, and he and Blahnik wrapped Bagley’s body, Wagner said. Blahnik handed his keys to Wagner and told him to back up his truck to the rear window. They then pushed the body out the window and loaded it into the truck. The three men helped move the body, he said.

Wagner said a piece of plywood was in the truck and placed over Bagley’s body. He drove the truck with Blahnik in the passenger seat to Wagner’s house. The knife used for the stab was in a plastic grocery bag, along with other bloody items, and was on the floor at Blahnik’s feet.

According to a surveillance video that the police found during the investigation, the men left the mobile home at 5:48 a.m. and went to Wagner’s home. During the ride, Blahnik worried about Wagner’s stab in the hand and how they would explain it. He apologized to Wagner for the way everything “turned out”. Blahnik kept telling Wagner he needed his help, Wagner said.

Blahnik took the bag with the knife and picked up Wagner’s shirt, putting it in a larger bag with other items and took it with him when he left. The truck with Bagley’s body remained in Wagner’s garage. Wagner then drove another truck to Hoff’s to help him remove the soil that contained Bagley’s blood, Wagner said.

Wagner said he went to meet Shaw at his investment firm. Wagner told him what had happened and Shaw gave him some marijuana for Hoff, a bundle of about $ 10,000 in cash, THC wax and 100 cartridges of THC for Blahnik as payment for the murder. Wagner said he didn’t want Shaw’s money, but said Shaw later tried to charge him less than usual for the marijuana Wagner would sell.

Shaw was convicted in federal court of trafficking in marijuana. The charges stem from the Bagley investigation, but Shaw has not been charged in the case. He remains in federal prison.

Blahnik picked up the truck that night and planned to go to Wisconsin for an acting and modeling event, Wagner said. Blahnik, in a name change application filed last year, aspires to pursue an acting career and has asked the court to change his name to “Johnny Church” for acting purposes. He has a hearing about it after this trial.

Wagner said Blahnik planned to bury the body in Wisconsin but did not. Instead, he took the body back to Wagner’s house and buried it in the courtyard of Soutter Avenue SE. Blahnik told Wagner that Hoff wanted to kill him and that he had to bury the body at Wagner’s so that Wagner would have something to lose if he told the authorities. Blahnik has promised to remove the body in the spring, Wagner said.

In February 2019, law enforcement obtained a search warrant for Wagner’s house and questioned him about Bagley’s disappearance. He said he told them a “partial truth” – that Blahnik stabbed Bagley in self-defense. He admitted at the stand that he had not told investigators the truth more than once.

Bagley’s body was searched on March 1, 2019 in the yard.

Wagner’s testimony will continue at 9 a.m. on Tuesday. The trial is expected to take place next week.

Follow Trish Mehaffey on Twitter for daily live coverage from the courtroom. Comments: (319) 398-8318; trish.mehaffey@thegazette.com



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Altair Engineering: Maximizing the Efficiency of Nonlinear Analysis at Jaguar Land Rover https://www.plamo.info/altair-engineering-maximizing-the-efficiency-of-nonlinear-analysis-at-jaguar-land-rover/ https://www.plamo.info/altair-engineering-maximizing-the-efficiency-of-nonlinear-analysis-at-jaguar-land-rover/#respond Mon, 19 Jul 2021 16:09:11 +0000 https://www.plamo.info/altair-engineering-maximizing-the-efficiency-of-nonlinear-analysis-at-jaguar-land-rover/ Nonlinear simulation is vital for the development of safe, reliable and profitable products and the engineering teams of major manufacturers like Jaguar Land Rover need fast and efficient resolution solutions to ensure delivery of these high performance products. Tim Mumford, senior engineer for strength and durability at Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) recently presented his team’s […]]]>

Nonlinear simulation is vital for the development of safe, reliable and profitable products and the engineering teams of major manufacturers like Jaguar Land Rover need fast and efficient resolution solutions to ensure delivery of these high performance products.

Tim Mumford, senior engineer for strength and durability at Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) recently presented his team’s use of Altair® OptiStruct® for the nonlinear analysis of complex automotive products. You can see the full presentation here.

Mumford leads a group called the Sustainability Role within Body CAE (BCAE), which focuses on maintaining product performance and quality under various expected loads on the vehicle. The BCAE team assesses load cases from five main sources: aerodynamic load, lifestyle, hygiene, operating loads, and elevated speed and temperature. From performance driving with high-g turns and potholes to fording in water and towing loads, the BCAE team assesses nearly 1,000 individual load cases in total, considering 300 components held together with approximately 3000 joints, welds, rivets and bolts. With the volume and complexity of their work, the team needs an extremely efficient and repeatable workflow to perform the required nonlinear analyzes.

Joint sustainability assessment

One tactic the Jaguar Land Rover BCAE team has implemented to increase efficiency is to combine multiple load cases into one submission. This unique approach allows them to maximize their resolution efficiency while minimizing modeling and post-processing efforts as well as strain on high-performance computing resources.

In the past, CAE codes evolved with obvious strengths and weaknesses that required manufacturers to perform, for example, dynamic and vibration simulation with different software than that used for contact and plasticity. A major challenge was the silos of expertise this created, as well as the time and effort required to create and convert models to work with multiple tools from different software vendors. OptiStruct offers a unique ability to share models across multiple solver disciplines to enable engineers to take a more holistic approach to problem solving. OptiStruct supports geometric, material and contact nonlinearity, so that a wide range of load cases can be evaluated within a common modeling and simulation framework. A common modeling approach improves the ability to share files between JLR’s engineering teams, improves confidence in the mesh by eliminating unnecessary user rework, and ensures that the model is accurate and constantly up to date.

The efficiency gains of OptiStruct’s workflow can be seen in this elastic plastic palm simulation load example. Land Rover’s rugged product line is known for its capabilities in exotic off-road environments, and JLR performs rigorous testing to ensure the vehicle can withstand unconventional loads such as a person climbing on the roof. from the car, perhaps to get a better view of the African savannah.

This lifestyle load case uses a rod and plate to approximate the pressures that can be applied to the vehicle’s roof panel by someone’s hand. A highly nonlinear geometric load is applied to different areas of the panel to analyze the structural response. This is a particularly complex simulation since the roof panel is moved until it exhibits elastic instability or a dent.

Simulation of elastic plastic palm with nonlinear analysis Altair OptiStruct

Historically, each of these palm simulation load cases had to be done one at a time. In OptiStruct, JLR is able to run multiple simulations sequentially with a single job submission, consuming a single set of licenses and speeding up the delivery of analysis results. Post-processing is also facilitated since all the individual sub-cases are present in a single solver file. OptiStruct also offers continuous or discrete stress histories in a single submission, so the user can choose which sub-cases should depend on the history. This allows the analysis of complex strain-dependent load cases that pass the loading from one sub-case to the next, but still gives engineers the ability to examine independent cases from a strain-free condition unloaded without separate these runs or create a restart event.

With the freedom to use a common model across a range of linear and nonlinear analyzes, and solver features to improve workflow efficiency and solver throughput, OptiStruct helps JLR ensure that components of their vehicles operate to their exacting specifications and deliver the superior quality their customers expect.


You want to know more ?

Below is a series of free webinars demonstrating why manufacturers are switching from non-linear solvers in place to Altair OptiStruct. Through this series, which includes presentations from Jaguar Land Rover and Prodrive, you will learn how to maximize simulation resources, reduce product development time, and save significant costs through nonlinear analysis in OptiStruct.

Warning

Altair Engineering Inc. published this content on July 19, 2021 and is solely responsible for the information it contains. Distributed by Public, unedited and unmodified, on July 19, 2021 04:07:10 PM UTC.


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Creality HALOT-ONE resin printer is a great pick for ultra precise hobby 3D printing (in-depth review) https://www.plamo.info/creality-halot-one-resin-printer-is-a-great-pick-for-ultra-precise-hobby-3d-printing-in-depth-review/ https://www.plamo.info/creality-halot-one-resin-printer-is-a-great-pick-for-ultra-precise-hobby-3d-printing-in-depth-review/#respond Mon, 19 Jul 2021 06:17:54 +0000 https://www.plamo.info/?p=143 Introduction We’ll readily admit that 3D printing is not our primary field on interest here at GSMArena. That being said, we are all passionate tech nerds and with plenty of varied interests. Ask around the office and you can get solid, in-depth information on anything from cars and fridges to drones and single-board computers and […]]]>

Introduction

We’ll readily admit that 3D printing is not our primary field on interest here at GSMArena. That being said, we are all passionate tech nerds and with plenty of varied interests. Ask around the office and you can get solid, in-depth information on anything from cars and fridges to drones and single-board computers and everything in-between, both size and complexity-wise. You get the point.

When CREALITY reached out asking if we wanted to check out their HALOT-ONE (CL-60) Resin 3D printer (for a fair and unsponsored review), we just couldn’t pass up on the opportunity as 3D printing has been an area of interest of mine for quite some time.

I have been doing Fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printing for over a year now as a hobby on and off and have owned a total of three 3D printers – my current Monoprice Select Mini V2, which is the only one I could reasonably keep with limited home space and before that Prusa i3, which replaced my original Ender 3. So, my baby steps into 3D printing as a whole were done on one of Creality’s 3D printers from the ever-popular Ender line and in a poetic turn on events, I am about to venture into Resin 3D printing on another Creality product.

So, tl;dr – I am well-versed in 3D printing tech and have what I would call above-average practical experience with traditional FDM printing.

I had plenty of theoretical knowledge on resin printing, but zero experience so I approached reviewing the Creality HALOT-ONE from the point of view of a novice and someone who’s more accustomed to FDM 3D printing. And this might just be the perfect profile of most first-time resin 3D printer afficionados.

Resin 3D printing? What is it and is it better than FDM?

If you are already in the know, feel free to skip to the next part, but many of you might still appreciate a crash course.

What most people associate 3D printing with is Fused deposition modeling (FDM). This is the type of printing where you typically have a printer head that heats up and extrudes filament, like PLA on onto a base layer by layer and line by line. This is facilitated by 3-dimensional motion from a combination of the printer head and the printer base. Simply put – you add three-dimensional lines one by one, starting from the bottom and then layering everything to the top.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Resin 3D printing is a totally different process. Instead of hard filament that gets melted down, it uses resin as its raw material, which comes in liquid form. This liquid is basically composed of a mixture of different monomers and oligomers – short chains made mostly of carbon atoms and a few functional groups. Left in this state, they will remain in liquid form. The goal is to create longer chains using these monomers and oligomers which will eventually form the hard-plastic material for our 3D prints. This hardening or curing is achieved by precisely introducing UV light into areas of the liquid resin, hardening it and then moving on to the next layer. On a purely mechanical level, the process typically involves a base plate that is upside down and submerged in a pool of resin and as the printing progresses, gets pulled up layer by layer.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Before we go over the different sub-types of resin 3D printing, a major note to make is that resin can be harmful to you and the environment. Working with resin (even the increasing number of eco-friendly options) requires taking precautions.

You should not allow direct skin and especially eye contact with resin in its liquid state. Once cured, it becomes a lot safer and even benign to handle, but should still not be ingested or used to store food and drink. The curing process itself also involves some fumes so you better ensure proper air extraction.

The printers, themselves typically take great care to contain said fumes, like the plexiglass dome covering the Creality HALOT-ONE. Still, you should only use a resin 3D printer in a well-ventilated area and not breathe in the fumes. Don’t go outside though, since the resin is UV-reactive and does not play well with sunlight. So, to sum up – gloves, goggles, good airflow or even a mask and don’t skip the user manual.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

If you have used or researched traditional FDM 3D printing, this is about the time that this whole resin thing starts to sound a bit too much with all the extra precautions.

What do you stand to gain over FDM? Well, the biggest potential benefit of resin 3D printing is likely going to be resolution and quality. Even with a cheaper, non-pro grade LCD printer, like the HALOT-ONE, you can get significantly better and finer details than with a similarly-priced FDM printer.

Another quick tl;dr then – if you are looking to print things like miniatures for board games, highly detailed models, or production-quality parts, then an SLA/DLP/LCD resin printer is the best choice for its better resolution. For larger-scale models and things like rapid prototyping – a traditional FDM extrusion printer is typically better. They also tend to offer larger building areas on average than resin units.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Finally, we can’t just toss in a trio of abbreviations like SLA/DLP/LCD without offering at least some basic explanation. Stereolithography (SLA) is kind of the original and oldest resin-based 3D printing technology, which is why SLA is sometimes used to denote resin 3D printing as a whole. It uses an actual laser beam, directed by mirrors called galvanometers to cure the resin.

The laser cures a spot by spot and then area by area, which can be a bit slow. Relatively speaking, of course, to tech like Digital Light Processing (DLP). You might have heard this exact abbreviation In relation to video projectors. It is, in fact, the same tech, just tweaked for better and more controlled UV exposure. Instead of a guided laser, a DLP projector generates the UV light by flashing onto an entire layer of resin at a time, selectively solidifying the part using thousands of minuscule mirrors called DMDs (digital micromirror devices) that direct the projection of light.

The latest and trendy tech is Liquid Crystal Display (LCD). It is quite similar to DLP in that it cures resin one layer at a time, but does not use mirrors. This is part of the reason why it is typically cheaper to manufacture, which has allowed for resin 3D printer prices to drop down to FDM levels in the non-professional space.

Creality HALOT-ONE is based exactly on LCD tech and part of the reason why it even exists and at such a price that it is even relevant for us to be testing it as a hobbyist/non-professional tool, rivaling FDM printers in the first place.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

The topic of underlying tech goes way beyond this brief introduction and is quite fascinating. We won’t be delving any deeper, since we really should get to some actual bits about the HALOT-ONE in particular. However, as one final note – the HALOT-ONE uses a monochrome LCD module, as opposed to a color one. You can google the particular benefits if you like and delve into LCD sub-pixel aperture ratios, degree of polarization and UV transmission percentages. The important things about the use of monochrome tech, however, boil down to decreased layer exposure times and faster prints, as well as a longer lifespan for the LCD panel itself.

HALOT-ONE specs and features overview

The Creality HALOT-ONE (CL-60) is actually the smaller and slightly toned-down version of the HALOT-SKY (LC89) flagship. It carries over a lot of its features, which, admittedly, Creality could have done a better job describing or at least translating in English.

Creality HALOT-ONE (CL-60) specs at a glance:

  • Dimensions: 221x221x404mm, 7.1kg (Package: 295*295*545mm, 8.8kg); fully-assembled out of the box.
  • Z-axis type: single slide rail, with T-type screws and coupling
  • Light source: 120W, self-developed integral light source system with over 80% illumination uniformity. 6 light sources, 3800uw/cm2 output.
  • Technology: 5.96-inch, 2K (2560 x 1620 pixel) monochrome LCD display.
  • Bed leveling: manual.
  • Print size: 127x80x160mm.
  • Performance: 0.01-0.05mm axis precision; 0.01-0.2mm layer size; 1-10s/layer curing speed; 60mm/h curing speed; 1-4s layer printing speed.
  • I/O: Wi-Fi, full-sized USB Type-A x1 and USB Type-B x1.
  • Printing material: 405nm wavelength UV resin.
  • CPU: 64-bit 4-core CPU/GPU, based on ARM Cortex-M4 cores.
  • UI: 5-inch touch screen with simple visual interface, with OTA firmware update support; Linux kernel.
  • Other features: Activated carbon air filtration and cooling system; Creality Box slices software provided from manufacturer, mobile app support; 110-240v power support.

We’ll go over some of Creality’s highlights, but from a purely practical standpoint, we have to say that the HALOT-ONE is surprisingly compact.

Measuring 221x221x404mm, it technically takes up less desk space than my current, daily-driver Monoprice Select Mini v2 FDM printer. Though, not particularly light at 7.1kg.

One of my biggest and very few issues with the Select Mini is its build volume of 120x120x120mm. That is just too small and I have had to cut and join many of my prints. The HALOT-ONE advertises a maximum print size of 127x80x160mm, which is not too much of an adjustment for me, personally, but is objectively small. Resin 3D printing is a whole other ballgame, meant for higher detail in smaller models so you may not need the bigger size but it’s still an important consideration.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Performance, resolution, accuracy and uniformity on an LCD resin 3D printer like the HALOT-ONE mostly come down to the quality and precision of the UV light source. We already mentioned this particular model uses a monochrome LCD panel, which has its benefits over standard color ones. Plus, the 5.96-inch panel has a resolution of 2560*1620 pixels, which is quite respectable. This gives a print granularity of about 50 microns, which is par for the course for the popular budget resin 3D printers on the market.

As far as the actual light source, passing through said LCD, the HALOT-ONE has a 120W, self-developed integral light source system, which promises an impressive above 80% illumination uniformity. There are a total of six light sources in the HALOT-ONE (half of what the HALOT-SKY has at 12), capable of outputting 3800uw/cm2.

Creality is also proud of its z-axis control system. The linear guide tail is widened and thickened compared to previous designs and uses t-type screws, which combined promises micron-grade precision. Layer thickness can be as little as 0.01mm up to 0.2mm, which is quite precise, indeed, and just as precise as on the higher-end HALOT-SKY model.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

The thermal management system of the HALOT-ONE is also a highlighted selling point, which includes a custom-made heat-sink, a cooling fan and an activated carbon air filtration system, which should help in safeguarding the user from the resin fumes.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Finally, Creality is also proud of its integrated 5-inch touchscreen for controlling the operation of the HALOT-ONE, alongside what it calls a simple interface with “strong control sense”. We’ll get to that in a bit.

Like most 3D printers, you can either load up ready printing files to a storage medium and just plug it into the HALOT-ONE via the full-size USB Type-A port. Or you can hook it up to a computer and control it that way, using Creality’s slicer/controller software.

The HALOT-ONE also has a mobile app for convenience and Wi-Fi to go along with that. The latter can also be used to receive OTA firmware updates straight on the machine. We appreciate the nifty little convenience features.

Packaging, build quality

Resin 3D printing has a bit of a learning curve to it, no way around it. There are certain things Creality and the HALOT-ONE do great in respect to easing the user into the process, but also some glaring omissions.

Let’s start with the better aspects, like the packaging and provided accessories. The HALOT-ONE ships pretty much fully assembled and in a very sturdy package. There is plenty of dense foam both on the outside of the machine, as well as on the inside, keeping the sensitive bits, like the vertical rail safe. Nothing can move around, which is great to see.

The only “assembly” that needs to be done is to screw the building plate into its place, which is done with a big and convenient wheel for tightening and untightening.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

The resin vat is also held in place securely by two screws with the same style of bid and is easy to turn with gloves on plastic bits. This is very much appreciated for the sheer convenience it provides once everything starts getting covered in resin.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Most of the parts on the HALOT-ONE, especially those you interact with, are incredibly solid and made of thick heavy metal. That includes the vat and the building plate.

The only real complaint we have with the otherwise stellar build quality of the unit is the fact that the lip on which the transparent top cover is meant to rest on top of is quite slim and does not provide a secure fit. It doesn’t slide off or anything, but we would have still appreciated a tighter fit. Even so, once on, the top lid does its primary job of keeping the nauseous printing fumes well contained.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

We guess the activated carbon air filtration system is also helping in this regard. The small fan, actually moving the air around is a bit loud. Then again, the other moving parts on the HALOT-ONE are virtually silent and overall, it makes less noise than most traditional FDM 3D printers.

Initial setup and learning curve, accessories, other things necessary for printing

There are plenty of additional goodies packaged in with the HALOT-ONE. Naturally, you get a power cord (standard PC PSU plug) and a user manual.

Beyond that, Creality also provide a nice and thick brush, mostly for keeping things like the glass surface of the printing area clean. Then there is a metal spatula, meant for scraping ready prints off of the build plate. You also get a few paper funnel/filters, which can come in handy when handling slightly older or contaminated resin.

That’s a good example of Creality making the extra effort for convenience. The same can be said about the set of Allen wrenches included in the box. You technically just need the one to level your build plate, but Creality has been nice enough to also supply the ones necessary for some basic disassembly of the HALOT-ONE. There is even a detailed schematic of the main control board on the machine inside the manual, which is admirable in terms of repairability potential.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

The bottom of the resin vat is made of a clear plastic material, which is susceptible to eventual damage, so it’s great that there is a spare on in the box.

Last, but not least, there is a 16GB USB flash drive in the box, which contains software and the user manual and can also be used to load up ready print files and take them from a PC to the printer. Again, we appreciate the added convenience.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

One of the promo videos for the HALOT-ONE does show a couple of other in-box goodies, like a plastic spatula and some gloves, as well as a cover for the resin vat, which would be particularly nifty. We aren’t sure which set of accessories is final, though.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

As far as initial setup goes, technically, you just need to remove the packaging, screw in the build plate, which did come well pre-leveled from the factory on our unit, pour some resin in the vat and start your first print. Our unit even had one print file pre-loaded in its internal memory. It was a massive 16-hour print, but still, technically, you are just a few easy steps away from printing.

Even so, we can’t say Creality offered enough and adequate beginner information overall. This seems to often be the case with Creality products in my personal experience. One of the reasons I replaced my Ender FDM printer was the sheer amount of extra research and tinkering it required. It is a truly powerful piece of kit that offers great value for its price, but falls a bit short in terms of ease of usability.

The same tradeoff seems to be present on the HALOT-ONE, as well. Granted, this is not going to be an issue for an experienced user, but does make the HALOT-ONE quite difficult to tackle as a beginner. Let us elaborate.

First and foremost, we feel like there needs to be more information on proper resin handling in the manual. As things currently stand, these are the only two particular pieces of guidance featured in the manual.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Resin is a skin irritant, definitely use gloves, but also, most guides and sources agree that you should not breathe in the fumes, which the manual fails to mention.

It is also a good idea to use some eye-protective gear since getting resin in your eyes would be really bad.

Then there is the question of storing and cleaning the resin. There is practically no info on that in the manual. Most sources seem to agree that you can leave the resin in the printer, without direct exposure to UV for a few hours to a couple of days safely and continue printing.

Beyond that, you can return the unused resin in the specialized metal container it comes in, but sifting it through is definitely recommended.

The funny thing is that the guys at Creality clearly know all this and even provide nifty filtering funnels in the box, it’s just the manual that falls short of providing instruction about it.

Same goes for cleaning. There is only one mention of isopropyl alcohol in the manual and it’s inside the footnotes.

In reality, you need to get plenty of the stuff to clean any resin from surfaces, especially the plastic bottom of the resin vat. Plus, you need to ideally rinse the prints themselves. You ideally need high-percentage (90%) isopropyl alcohol, which reinforces the need for protective gear even more.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Beyond criticizing Creality for not including enough info in the HALOT-ONE manual, it should also be noted that resin 3D printing requires a lot more in the way of preparation, consideration and materials to do properly and safely. By the time you gear-up, you will, definitely be spending a lot more than the sticker price of the printer, which is not necessarily the case with traditional FDM printing. This should be taken into consideration by prospective buyers.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

You also need a proper space to install and use the HALOT-ONE. Ideally, a well-ventilated room, without any direct sunlight. Also, you probably don’t want to move the machine around too much after the initial setup, since it is pretty much guaranteed to be dirty with uncured resin in some way after its very first use. No matter how hard you scrub with the isopropyl alcohol, resin will remain and you should always be careful around it while it is in liquid form.

By the way, you should also not dispose of liquid resin by dumping it down the drain. At least cure it first. Once cured with UV for an adequate amount of time, resin prints are perfectly safe to handle without gloves.

Clearly, once you actually start printing with resin, all sorts of hidden considerations and specifics start creeping up. We maintain that Creality could be doing a better job of explaining and communicating all of these in the manual.

Then again, as far as the actual HALOT-ONE hardware and design is concerned, it does a great job of minimizing the dangers and hassles of dealing with resin.

There is also a potential argument to be made that Creality also offers separate washing/curing machines, like the UW-01 and UW-02, which are sort of complementary pieces of equipment that you can do without, but do make for a more complete and streamlined experience for more in-depth users.

Operating the HALOT-ONE: app and software, on-board UI

Despite having plenty of functional differences, most 3D printers tend to require the same basic set of steps to operate. First, you need to make or obtain a 3D model. These usually come in an STL file format and can be obtained fairly easily nowadays, even if you aren’t particularly versed in CAD. Thingiverse is a great resource and Creality also have their own repository, named Creality Cloud.

That 3D model then goes into a program called a slicer, which is responsible for “slicing” the model and offering a few other preparation steps and ultimately generates a file of instructions, layer by layer, for what the printer is supposed to do.

The HALOT-ONE, in particular, takes cxdlp files with instructions. These can either be delivered via a USB stick and the Type-A port on the printer, a USB connection to a CP, with a cable or wirelessly.

Creality actually offers its own slicer for the HALOT ONE, called the HALOT BOX. You can also use a different, compatible software of your choice, but should be prepared for plenty of tweaking to get it properly working. We personally stuck with the default settings for the purposes of this review. HALOT BOX is actually quite easy and straightforward to use and is very user-friendly.

It already comes pre-loaded with all the settings needed to communicate with HALOT devices and generate compatible cxdlp files.


HALOT BOX slicer - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
HALOT BOX slicer - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
HALOT BOX slicer - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review


HALOT BOX slicer - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
HALOT BOX slicer - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
HALOT BOX slicer - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

HALOT BOX slicer

We won’t dig too much into the available options, but all the basics seem to be covered. You can scale, reposition and rotate freely. Also, clone models. HALOT BOX can also automatically generate supports for your prints. These are a whole topic in themselves and do have resin printing specifics to consider, like printing things at a higher angle to get better results. But, that’s beyond the scope of this article.

We will, however, note that HALOT BOX exhibited some bugs specifically with support generation. Creality did send us a newer version of the software, with mostly all of these cleared up, though, which we count as an overall positive, since the company seems serious about its software support.


HALOT BOX slicer - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
HALOT BOX slicer - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
HALOT BOX slicer - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review


HALOT BOX slicer - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
HALOT BOX slicer - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
HALOT BOX slicer - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

HALOT BOX slicer

Beyond that, HALOT BOX can automatically hollow-out parts, to save on some material. Unlike FDM printing, there is no infill percentage with resin printing. You can also use a drill tool to manually punch some holes.

There is a Creality mobile app available as well, called Creality Cloud, which looks truly impressive. However, we never actually managed to connect our HALOT-ONE to it. Our best guess is that there is some sort of support update in the pipeline, since all signs seem to hint that the HALOT-ONE should ultimately be supported by the app.


Creality Cloud mobile app - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
Creality Cloud mobile app - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
Creality Cloud mobile app - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
Creality Cloud mobile app - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
Creality Cloud mobile app - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
Creality Cloud mobile app - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Creality Cloud mobile app

On the surface, Creality Cloud looks more like a social network than anything else, with user posts and comments, a profile and messaging. However, it is so much more. You can browse through a massive collection of models and not just download them. The app actually allows access to a cloud-based version of the popular Cure 3D slicer, so you can edit the model, just like you would on a PC and ultimately slice it up and even send it to your printer and monitor the printing progress.

That is already amazingly powerful, but the repository actually goes one step beyond, not just offering 3D models and the slicer, but also pre-sliced gcode files from other users, organized by the type of printer they use.


Creality Cloud mobile app - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
Creality Cloud mobile app - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
Creality Cloud mobile app - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
Creality Cloud mobile app - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
Creality Cloud mobile app - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
Creality Cloud mobile app - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Creality Cloud mobile app

Finally, the HALOT-ONE itself has a nifty, clean and straightforward UI of its own that you can use on the built-in 5-inch touchscreen. We won’t be going through all of the options, but some highlights include the cleaning feature, which attempts to melt any resin you might have stuck to the bottom of your vat, as well as the leveling feature, which is not fully-automatic and does require you to adjust the bolts on the print head, but is still easy to do.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

There is also the Device binding menu, which requires you to have the HALOT-ONE connected to the same Wi-Fi first and then generates a QR code you need to scan inside the app. The HALOT-ONE also supports over-the-air updates, which are done from the settings menu.


HALOT-ONE UI - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
HALOT-ONE UI - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review
HALOT-ONE UI - Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

HALOT-ONE UI

As far as actual printing goes, the UI is admittedly a bit light on options. You can just browse files from both the internal storage (sent over from the PC or app) and a connected flash drive, select a file and then start the print. After that, you can only pause or cancel the print. No other options are available and there is no notification for when the printing ends. To be fair, this is usually the case of most 3D printers.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Plus, it does give you a nice preview of the 3D model from two vantage points, which is convenient. And its estimate for printing time is much more accurate than the one provided by the HALOT BOX slicer software.

Results, quality, ease of use and other considerations

The primary reason to delve into resin 3D printing is undoubtedly the fine detail, resolution and quality you can get out of them, compared to the more popular FDM printers.

Most people seem to pick up resin printing to print intricate things, most notably figurines. We can confirm that despite its lower price tag, in relative terms, of course, the Creality HALOT-ONE produces prints with amazing quality and fine detail.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

We printed some test models, many of which with sub-mm details and the HALOT-ONE basically breezed through them all. Mind you, there is the occasional defect you will probably notice in our prints, but most of these were due to errors on our end.

While on the subject, you should be particularly careful when scraping off a ready print from the print bed, since it is susceptible to chips and damage. The entire surface of the print can also easily chip before it is cured.

If you want quality results, a dedicated UV light for curing is great to have.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Anyone familiar with FDM 3D printers and their limitations will also be very impressed by how clean and uniform all of the surfaces are. Particularly torturous things, like overhands and aggressive angles, as well as pointy bits also look amazing coming out of the HALOT-ONE.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Look at the incredibly fine mesh on the skull figure and how consistent it is all around. My FDM Monoprice Select Mini V2 printer straight up cannot do these details, no matter how much I tune the settings.

The benefits are pretty clear then. But the real question is, do they outweigh the negatives, or rather, the hustle of resin 3D printing? Mind you, these are not specific to the Creality HALOT-ONE, but simply come par for the course with resin printing in general.

Still, in no particular order, you can’t just “set and forget” a print on the HALOT-ONE. Well, technically, you can, but the fumes it outputs alone are something to take precautions against if you are not around.

Plus, it is a lot harder to keep an eye on the quality of the success of the print as it is printing, since most of the time the model is dunked inside the vat. This is particularly annoying when you have a 10-hour print of a figurine going and you have to wait the full 10 hours to discover that you only got the tip of the guy’s weapon printed, due to some error during the preparation stages. Speaking from experience here.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

And even when a print is absolutely 100% successful, finishing it properly is another job in itself. Sure, you might have to take some extra steps to make FDM prints look their best as well. But with a resin 3D printer, at the minimum, you need to gear up with gloves, protective glasses and all, separate the print and then clean it off in isopropyl alcohol. This already takes a few minutes and then you still need to cure it before you can safely handle it.

My point being that with my FDM printer, I can plop a streaming camera next to it, start a print before I go to bed, check on it once or twice to see the first layer adhered to the print bed properly and then check the camera again literally when I wake up. I know it is not best practice, but the process is a lot less involved overall.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

That also goes for having the printer set up and ready to go all of the time. With an FDM printer, you can literally have the spool of filament there all of the time and you are basically a preheating process away from printing all of the time.

Leaving resin in the vat beyond say a couple of days will easily ruin it. In fact, after opening a bottle of resin, you can’t keep it for too long either. And if you have kids or pets around, you almost always have to clean up after a print, which often means tossing perfectly good resin and always involves heaps of time with wasted materials and unpleasant odors. But, we’re going on an unnecessary tangent here.

Final thoughts

The Creality HALOT-ONE is a great machine that comes from Creality – a reputable name in the 3D printing space. It is a great example of the slightly newer breed of significantly cheaper resin printer, based on LCD technology. It manages to be affordable and delivers on most of what it promises, especially in practical terms.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

It is definitely not the most refined or user-friendly machine out there. The manual can use a lot of work, some of the features are cryptic and the companion software, while solid in its core, still needs some extra care and attention to get just right and make really, properly functional.

To be fair, however, most of the serious hurdles we faced with the HALOT-ONE were mostly related to resin 3D printing as a whole. All Creality can do to address those is to provide more information to accommodate beginners right off the gate. Their actual product is already excellently crafted from premium materials and works very well out of the box.

Creality HALOT-ONE 3D printer review

Bottom line – you really need to know what you are getting yourself into with resin 3D printing and have a good reason to get on board instead of just settling with the massively easier, traditional FDM printing.

If you are aware of all the special aspects and precautions and don’t mind a bit of tinkering to get the most out of your tools, the Creality HALOT-ONE is a splendid and affordable machine you should consider.


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Global Plastic Pipe Market Regional Analysis, Regional Overview and Company Profiles 2021-2027 – NeighborWebSJ https://www.plamo.info/global-plastic-pipe-market-regional-analysis-regional-overview-and-company-profiles-2021-2027-neighborwebsj/ https://www.plamo.info/global-plastic-pipe-market-regional-analysis-regional-overview-and-company-profiles-2021-2027-neighborwebsj/#respond Sun, 18 Jul 2021 08:42:43 +0000 https://www.plamo.info/global-plastic-pipe-market-regional-analysis-regional-overview-and-company-profiles-2021-2027-neighborwebsj/ The latest survey of Plastic Pipe Market industry managed various industry organizations from different geographies or regions. The study of the report includes qualitative and quantitative information highlighting the main market development challenges facing the industry and the competition along with gap analysis, new available opportunities and trends also include analysis impact of COVID-19 on […]]]>

The latest survey of Plastic Pipe Market industry managed various industry organizations from different geographies or regions. The study of the report includes qualitative and quantitative information highlighting the main market development challenges facing the industry and the competition along with gap analysis, new available opportunities and trends also include analysis impact of COVID-19 on the Plastic Pipe Market and impact on various factors leading to increase of the Plastic Pipe Market on a global as well as regional level. There are huge competitions taking place all over the world and must demand MARKET ANALYSIS such as the best competitors / best players are: Advanced Drainage Systems, Asahi Yukizai, Beetle Plastics, Cantex, Certainteed, Charlotte Pipe and Foundry, Charter Plastics, Dura-Line Holdings, Endot Industries, Epsco International, Fibrex, Fusibond Piping Systems, Geberit Vertriebs, Genova Products, H.

Our research analyst Analyzes Overview of research methodology, including Primary research, secondary research, company share analysis, model (including demographics, macroeconomic indicators and industry indicators: spending, infrastructure, sector growth and facilities), Limitations of research and income-based modeling. Company share analysis is used to determine the size of the global market. Along with a study of the companies’ revenue over the past three to five years also provides the basis for forecasting the market size (2021-2027) and its growth rate. Porter’s five forces analysis, covid-19 impact analysis and SWOT analysis are also evoked to understand the factors impacting the behavior of consumers and suppliers. This Plastic Pipe Market report covers global, regional, and country level market size, market share, market growth rate analysis (including market analysis of highest and highest peaks bottom), product launches, recent trend, impact of covid19 on the world or region Plastic Pipe Market. This report includes the estimation of Plastic Pipe market size for Value (USD Million) and Volume (K units)

Download FREE Sample PDF Copy of Plastic Pipe Market @ https://www.syndicatemarketresearch.com/sample/plastic-pipe-market

We are here to implement a free copy of a sample PDF report as per your research needs, including impact analysis as well. of COVID-19 on the size of the plastic pipe market

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  • A brief introduction to the research report and market overview
  • Syndicate market research methodology
  • Graphical introduction of global and regional analysis
  • Selected illustrations of market overviews and trends.
  • Know the major key players in the market through their revenue analysis
  • Sample Report Pages

Main highlights from the table of contents provided by Syndicate Market Research:

  • Plastic Pipe Market Executive Summary: This section emphasizes key studies, market growth rate, competitive landscape, market drivers, trends, and issues in addition to macroscopic metrics.
  • Plastic Pipe Market Research Coverage: It includes key market segments, major manufacturers covered, product range offered in the years considered, global Plastic Pipe market and business objectives study. In addition, it touches on the segmentation study provided in the report based on product type and applications.
  • Plastic Pipe Market Production by Regions: The report provides import and export data, revenue, production, and major players of all the regional markets studied that are covered in this section.
  • Plastic Pipe Manufacturers Market Profile: The analysis of each profile market player is detailed in this section. This segment also provides SWOT analysis, product, production, value, capacity and other vital factors of individual player.

Main Types of Plastic Pipe Products Covered By The Market Research Report: Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes, Polyethylene (PE) pipes, Polypropylene (PP) pipes, Others

Application Segments Covered In The Market Research Report: Municipal, Building, Drainage, Other

Global Plastic Pipe Industry Market: By Region

North America

  • United StatesCanada
  • Rest of North America

Europe

  • UK
  • Germany
  • France
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • The rest of europe

Asia Pacific

  • China
  • Japan
  • India
  • South East Asia
  • Rest of Asia-Pacific

Latin America

  • Brazil
  • Argentina
  • Rest of Latin America

The Middle East and Africa

  • GCC countries
  • South Africa
  • Rest of Middle East and Africa

Regions-SMR

Competitive market share

In terms of plastic pipe market, Advanced Drainage Systems, Asahi Yukizai, Beetle Plastics, Cantex, Certainteed, Charlotte Pipe and Foundry, Charter Plastics, Dura-Line Holdings, Endot Industries, Epsco International, Fibrex, Fusibond Piping Systems, Geberit Vertriebs , Genova Products, H are the major players operating in the global market. These behemoths have implemented key business strategies such as product innovation, strategic partnerships and collaborations, new product launches, new service launches, joint ventures and contracts to strengthen their market position while at the same time gaining a huge market share.

In addition, the report also covers key strategic market developments including acquisitions and mergers, new type launches, agreements, partnerships, collaborations and joint ventures, research and development, regional expansion. of the major players involved in the plastic pipe market on a global scale and regional basis.

The Table of Contents includes Global Plastic Pipe Market:

1 Study coverage
1.1 Plastic pipe product
1.2 Key market segments in this study
1.3 Key Manufacturers Covered
1.4 Market by Type
1.4.1 Global Market Size Growth Rate by Type (Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pipes, Polyethylene (PE) Pipes, Polypropylene (PP) Pipes, Others)
1.5 Market by Application
1.5.1 Global Market Size Growth Rate by Application (Municipal, Building, Drainage, Other)
1.6 Study objectives
1.7 years taken into account

2 Executive summary
-after-

3 Plastic Pipe Market Size by Manufacturers
3.1 Production by manufacturers
3.1.1 Production by Manufacturers
3.1.2 Production Market Share by Manufacturers
3.2 Revenue by Manufacturers
3.2.1 Revenue by Manufacturers (2013-2018)
3.2.2 Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2013-2018)
3.3 Price by manufacturers
3.4 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

4 Plastic Pipe Production by Regions
–after-

5 Plastic Pipe Consumption by Regions
5.1 Global Plastic Pipe Consumption by Regions
5.1.1 Global Plastic Pipe Consumption by Regions
5.1.2 Global Plastic Pipe Consumption Market Share by Regions
5.2 North America
5.2.1 North America Plastic Pipe Consumption by Application
5.2.2 North America Plastic Pipe Consumption by Countries
5.2.3 United States
5.2.4 Canada
5.2.5 Mexico
5.3 Europe
5.3.1 Europe Plastic Pipe Consumption by Application
5.3.2 Europe Plastic Pipe Consumption by Country
5.3.3 Germany
5.3.4 France
5.3.5 United Kingdom
5.3.6 Italy
5.3.7 Russia
5.4 Asia-Pacific
5.4.1 Asia-Pacific Plastic Pipe Consumption by Application
5.4.2 Asia-Pacific Plastic Pipe Consumption by Countries
5.4.3 China
5.4.4 Japan
5.4.5 South Korea
5.4.6 India
5.4.7 Australia
5.4.8 Indonesia
5.4.9 Thailand
5.4.10 Malaysia
5.4.11 Philippines
5.4.12 Vietnam
5.5 Central and South America
5.5.1 South & Central America Plastic Pipe Consumption by Application
5.5.2 Central & South America Plastic Pipe Consumption by Countries
5.5.3 Brazil
5.6 Middle East and Africa
5.6.1 Middle East & Africa Plastic Pipe Consumption by Application
5.6.2 Middle East & Africa Plastic Pipe Consumption by Countries
5.6.3 GCC countries
5.6.4 Egypt
5.6.5 South Africa

6 Market size by type
–after-

7 Market Size by Application
7.1 Overview
7.2 Global Dada Breakdown by Application
7.2.1 Global Consumption by Application
7.2.2 Global Consumption Market Share by Application (2013-2018)

8 manufacturer profiles
–after-

9 Production forecasts
–after-

10 Consumption forecast
–after-

11 Analysis of the value chain and sales channels
11.1 Value chain analysis
11.2 Analysis of sales channels
11.2.1 Sales channels of plastic pipes
11.2.2 Distributors
11.3 Customers

12 Analysis of market opportunities and challenges, risks and influencing factors
12.1 Market opportunities and drivers
12.2 Market challenges
12.3 Risks / Market restrictions
12.4 Key indicators of the world economy

13 key findings from the global plastic pipe study

14 Annex
14.1 Research methodology
14.1.1 Methodology / Research approach
14.1.1.1 Research / design programs
14.1.1.2 Market size estimate
14.1.1.3 Market breakdown and data triangulation
14.1.2 Data source
14.1.2.1 Secondary sources
14.1.2.2 Primary sources
14.2 Author details
14.3 Disclaimer

Read our other exclusive blogs:

https://melvinasmarketblogs.blogspot.com/2020/11/global-vacutainer-market-industry-share.html

https://melvinasmarketblogs.blogspot.com/2020/11/global-catering-software-market-by.html

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Businesses around Dayton Airport employ 2,700 workers; half are Dayton residents https://www.plamo.info/businesses-around-dayton-airport-employ-2700-workers-half-are-dayton-residents/ https://www.plamo.info/businesses-around-dayton-airport-employ-2700-workers-half-are-dayton-residents/#respond Sun, 18 Jul 2021 07:10:58 +0000 https://www.plamo.info/businesses-around-dayton-airport-employ-2700-workers-half-are-dayton-residents/ Chewy, an online pet retailer, is the largest of those employers, with 1,578 employees, according to the audit. Crocs, a shoe manufacturer and distributor, is the second largest company, with approximately 754 employees. Innovative Plastic Molders employees assemble babygates. The company manufactures all plastic parts in-house. MARSHALL GORBY STAFF Credit: Credit: Innovative Plastic Molders Inc. […]]]>

Chewy, an online pet retailer, is the largest of those employers, with 1,578 employees, according to the audit. Crocs, a shoe manufacturer and distributor, is the second largest company, with approximately 754 employees.

Innovative Plastic Molders employees assemble babygates. The company manufactures all plastic parts in-house. MARSHALL GORBY STAFF

Credit:

Credit:

Innovative Plastic Molders Inc. has around 122 workers and snack maker Frito-Lay has around 93, according to the audit and IPM.

Other companies include ALPLA, a plastic packaging manufacturer (73 jobs); General supplies for pets (63); Land O’Lakes Inc./Purina Animal Nutrition (31); and Pratt Industries, a recycling company (12 jobs), according to the audit.

Rapid growth

When construction began on Crocs’ first facility near the airport, the company planned to create around 150 to 200 distribution center jobs, said Ben Morrison, the company’s chief human resources officer.

But due to the company’s rapid growth, Crocs has nearly 800 full-time employees across the region and plans to employ more than 1,200 when its new “Saltwater” facility becomes fully operational at the end of the year. summer 2022, Morrison said.

Crocs occupies two facilities next to the airport, called “Cayman” and “Nile”. The company will vacate the Nile building and move its operations to the new and larger 750,000 square foot Saltwater property.

Innovative Plastic Molders located on Dogleg Road in Vandalia, has been designing, manufacturing and using high precision, high volume injection molds for over 30 years.  MARSHALL GORBY  STAFF

Innovative Plastic Molders located on Dogleg Road in Vandalia, has been designing, manufacturing and using high precision, high volume injection molds for over 30 years. MARSHALL GORBY STAFF

Credit:

Credit:

The Nile plant handled the vast majority of Crocs’ e-commerce sales for the Americas.

The Dayton area is a leader in e-commerce and logistics that is a great fit for Crocs’ growing business as it is close to consumers and the company’s customers, Morrison said.

The Dayton-area workforce delivers exactly what Crocs expects from its team members, Morrison said – creative problem solving, attention to detail, and a willingness to grow and learn.

“The concentration of skilled equipment operators and, more broadly, an enthusiastic distribution center workforce has made Dayton not only a great place to initially invest, but to continue to grow,” he said. -he declares.

Last fall, the Dayton Daily News reported that Innovative Plastic Molders had 67 full-time employees and about 85 contractors. But the company now has 122 full-time employees and plans to hire 40 to 50 more over the next few months, said Ken Williams, the company’s chief human resources officer.

IPM could double the size of its business and workforce over the next year, he said.

IPM occupies 120,000 square feet of space in a facility near the airport, Williams said, and the company is revamping its plant, adding racks and new machinery and equipment.

“We are redesigning our floor plan, which will give us a lot more space,” he said.

Many companies in the custom plastic modeling industry were hit hard or went bankrupt during the COVID-19 crisis, he said, but IPM continued to grow. The company manufactures auto parts, car seats, bird feeders, gates and potties for children, and other items.

Innovative Plastic Molders located on Dogleg Road in Vandalia, has been designing, manufacturing and using high precision, high volume injection molds for over 30 years.  MARSHALL GORBY  STAFF

Innovative Plastic Molders located on Dogleg Road in Vandalia, has been designing, manufacturing and using high precision, high volume injection molds for over 30 years. MARSHALL GORBY STAFF

Competition for workers is fierce, Williams said, including from neighboring employers Chewy. But he said Innovative Plastic Molders offers competitive salaries, great benefits, and a supportive, family-friendly work environment that employees value.

Most applicants find out about IPM through word of mouth, Williams said, and some employees who have taken on other jobs have returned because they realized the work environment is special.

How did these developments come about?

About 15 years ago, Dayton crafted an economic development strategy that leveraged the Interstate 70 and I-75 connection and positioned the region to become a leader in logistics and distribution, Dickstein said.

Selling airport properties unnecessary for redevelopment provides a unique product for the airport and the city, but it also increases the city’s tax base and revenue, Dickstein said.

More importantly, she said, the projects create well-paying jobs for local residents, many of whom are entry-level positions and many offer benefits. Crocs, for example, recently increased entry salaries for new distribution center team members to a minimum of $ 15 an hour.

About 1,261 of the jobs at the companies around the airport are held by workers who live in Dayton zip codes (46% of the total), according to the jobs audit. This shows that the city’s residents directly benefit from the investments around the aircraft facility, Dickstein said.

The city encourages airport employers to organize or participate in job fairs in the city, she said, as well as to hire its residents under community benefit agreements making part of tax incentive agreements.

“It’s a good faith effort – there is no bite, but they have to at least think about our residents and try to hire our residents,” she said.

Much of the airfields the city has been given permission to sell are under contract, Dickstein said, but other properties that can be redeveloped are available, including in Union and Vandalia.

The strong job growth around the airport shows that Dayton’s economic development strategy to reposition the region as a leader in logistics and distribution is working, Dickstein said.

The area around the airport provides convenient access to highways and the airport, and has become a premier distribution center for nationally renowned brands and some manufacturers, said Julie Sullivan, executive vice president of development. Regional Dayton Development Coalition. He offers

“Many of these jobs are well paying, offer great benefits and have become a vital part of our retail landscape,” she said.


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Letters to the editor: Saturday July 17, 2021 | Notice https://www.plamo.info/letters-to-the-editor-saturday-july-17-2021-notice/ https://www.plamo.info/letters-to-the-editor-saturday-july-17-2021-notice/#respond Sat, 17 Jul 2021 21:51:00 +0000 https://www.plamo.info/letters-to-the-editor-saturday-july-17-2021-notice/ It’s not enough to stick people somewhere Mr. Editor: Subject: “Supportive Housing Developments in Penticton” (Herald, July 16). I like Con. Julius Bloomfield’s column on supportive housing developments in Penticton. It’s always good to know what advisers are thinking. His proposal for a performance bond to ensure good conduct is excellent. However, what if the […]]]>

It’s not enough to stick people somewhere

Mr. Editor:

Subject: “Supportive Housing Developments in Penticton” (Herald, July 16).

I like Con. Julius Bloomfield’s column on supportive housing developments in Penticton. It’s always good to know what advisers are thinking.

His proposal for a performance bond to ensure good conduct is excellent. However, what if the insurance expires for some reason in years? All of the housing on the three motel property at the south end of town purchased by BC Housing will likely be there for the next 50 years. Unfortunately, a performance bond clearly indicates that it is there because it is needed. That alone should tell you that this is a band-aid solution and the wrong solution.

Housing is prolific in large cities. Politicians generally see it as a quick and heartwarming solution, leaving problem communities to future generations when they are long gone. It is not good enough.

Kelowna also seems to be taking the easy way out. Buildings as affordable housing are an old concept. They sponsor generations of future criminals as children grow up in this environment and experience life outside of the normal ties of life. We can and must do better and expect more from our politicians.

The only glaring omission in Bloomfield’s column was the quality of life of building occupants. While performance bond may help reduce crime affecting the outside community, it does nothing to ensure that future generations of children who grow up in these projects live in crime-free environments with community role models that enable them to become responsible and law-abiding citizens. This is why small units scattered throughout the city are a better option. Peer pressure and role models produce future generations.

If BC Housing goes ahead with the three motel project, then they need to build diversity to ensure that they move away from the concept of a building that would be a disaster for the current generations of children being ruined by this. quick fix mentality.

It is not enough to lock people somewhere. The objective must be to improve the quality of life of the occupants and the surrounding community. In doing so, we also ensure the quality of life for future generations in the region; reduce crime and build a stronger crime-free city.

Elvena Slump

Penticton

LNG is not acceptable tthe fuel of the transition says the ex-MLA

Mr. Editor:

As a former NDP MP for Okanagan-Penticton, I add my voice to that of the many British Columbians who are fervently calling on the provincial government to act more decisively on global warming.

When it comes to reducing global warming, the current BC government has made two structural and, in my opinion, damaging decisions in the long term: complete the Site C dam and promote and subsidize, at the highest. level never reached, liquid natural gas (LNG). From an economic, technical and common sense territory protection point of view, site C should have been deleted.

A negative point of Site C that is not often cited is how this project undermined the overall momentum to build a more diverse and sustainable energy grid using solar, wind and geothermal energy, built with private funds and public.

And when it comes to LNG, science and common sense tell us that you can’t save a world on fire by throwing gas on it. LNG is not an “acceptable transition fuel!” “

From cradle to grave, it produces a dangerous level of climate-altering greenhouse gases (GHGs) that our failing atmosphere and burning earth cannot withstand.

So where are we now? We British Columbians will bear the costs of a Site C dam that the NDP and Liberal governments are determined to build. It is the intention of both parties that, to a large extent, the electricity produced will provide electricity for the processing of natural gas. More global warming, stranded infrastructure and declining commodity yields are what our future holds.

No! This carbon must be left in the ground. Rather, the energy produced by Site C must be used creatively to build a truly sustainable renewable energy economy in BC while meeting BC’s growing clean energy needs.

To begin with, concerned citizens of British Columbia must demand that our government abandon ill-designed subsidies to the LNG industry and devote those funds to building a vibrant renewable energy economy by using new energy from site C and other renewable sources. Making this happen will not be easy.

Call, write and stand with signs outside the offices of Prime Minister John Horgan, Minister George Heyman, Minister Katrine Conroy and your MP. Let them know that we need courageous action on our warming climate. We must not fail in our efforts to change course: let this government know that we do not want heated domes, fires and floods to become our new normal.

It is the taxpayers of British Columbia who will be grappling with the enormous impact and cost of Site C, so at the very least we should ensure that the electricity produced is used to reduce, not increase, our contribution to global warming.

Jim beattie

Penticton

Cannings turning climate change into an electoral issue

Mr. Editor:

Re: “Hundreds of people died from the heat” (July 14).

MP Richard Cannings was quite dramatic in his article on the effects of the current heat wave and climate change. But it is too vague on the corrective measures that could be taken.

Cannings is a politician seeking re-election and wants to ride the climate pony to win. We can’t really blame him; everyone does it.

Politicians love to signal virtue and declare big climate ambitions for the future, which allows them to avoid the political backlash of short-term actions. That’s why we hear about net zero emissions targets in 2050, legislative conversion to electric vehicles in 2040, and wacky bans on plastic straws and grocery bags instead of more immediate and meaningful actions.

They keep killing fossil fuels and pipelines, but our lifestyles (including theirs) and the economy are consuming oil at an ever increasing rate. They are also big on wind and solar power, although they have never identified the net environmental impacts, gains or costs of that. It’s pie in the sky. We are being sold a pig in a sack, but the political benefits of this rhetoric seem very tangible.

They’ve really looked at carbon taxes and seem to be getting away with it; even though the BC government’s own data shows that carbon taxes have done nothing to reduce emissions for the past 13 years. It’s a mystery why it’s never an election issue, especially when people keep complaining about the price of gasoline.

We need a photo of Mrs. Trudeau, Horgan and Cannings on each gas pump to remind us where much of the cost comes from.

Please, Mr. Cannings; it is always safe for the elderly to go out in hot weather. The key is adaptability and good judgment. All species, including humans, need to adapt to their environment instead of trying to change it. The elderly are fragile and suffer even more from any sudden changes, whether it is COVID, temperature or living conditions.

I am 74 years old and have walked many fields inspecting crops during the recent “thermal dome” crisis – and I survived.

The solutions are to start and end early and wear loose, light-colored clothing and a white hat; just like tree hunters do. Drink plenty of water, wear a wet scarf, walk slowly, and carry a cell phone to call for help before the nozzles peck your eyeballs.

John thompson

Kaleden

Childcare funding works well in Scandinavian countries

Mr. Editor:

Re: “Trudeau is in pre-election mode” (Letters Courier / Herald, July 10).

Guy Bissonette, in your recent letter, you made it clear that you were never a single parent who had to place your child (s) in dangerous care in order to be able to support them.

Expensive? Yes! How is it that other countries (Scandinavian, for example) can do it? Finland has the best education scores in Europe, and certainly much higher than ours, or the United States, and it offers its children the best publicly funded care so that parents can work.

Joy Lang

Penticton

A wide smile surely diminished her notoriously thin lips

Mr. Editor:

Do you want to hear a funny story? You can wait a lifetime for this to happen.

I was driving my Tacoma north on Glenmore Road near Cross Road on Union Road when I slowly, safely changed lanes from right to left as it narrowed to one lane ahead .

It’s a truck. My wife will testify that I drive her with difficulty. In the rearview mirror, several lengths of the car behind, I saw a muscular black Mustang accelerating towards me.

He caught up and walked past me between me and the car in front after which the finger came out.

Then he did much the same with the car in front of him and the finger stuck out.

Suddenly the three of us all stopped and through all three windshields I could faintly see flashing red and blue lights!

The young rider had been seen from an unmarked RCMP SUV just ahead, the occupant of which had visibly followed the action in his rearview mirror.

As the officer walked back to the Mustang, the insults rounded them both and casually (smugly?) Continued on our way.

My broad smile has surely diminished my notoriously thin lips.

Douglas elmore

Kelowna


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How Natalie Became a Powerful IG Influencer https://www.plamo.info/how-natalie-became-a-powerful-ig-influencer/ https://www.plamo.info/how-natalie-became-a-powerful-ig-influencer/#respond Sat, 17 Jul 2021 14:31:00 +0000 https://www.plamo.info/how-natalie-became-a-powerful-ig-influencer/ 90 Day Fiancé: Forever? Star Natalie Mordovtseva is infamous for her many controversies on Instagram after becoming Ms Mike Youngquist. Natalie Mordovtseva from 90 day fiancé Currently has over 197,000 followers on Instagram and she has gained great influence on IG in a short period of time. While fans were first introduced to Natalie when […]]]>

90 Day Fiancé: Forever? Star Natalie Mordovtseva is infamous for her many controversies on Instagram after becoming Ms Mike Youngquist.

Natalie Mordovtseva from 90 day fiancé Currently has over 197,000 followers on Instagram and she has gained great influence on IG in a short period of time. While fans were first introduced to Natalie when Mike Youngquist flew to Kiev, Ukraine to meet her before her K-1 visa was approved, it was during 90 Day Fiancé: Forever? that it really creates waves on social media. Many messages from Natalie get TLC viewers talking. She posts lengthy captions that appear to be excerpts from her unreleased book on Life in America with Mike, as well as photo shoots of glamorous models. Is it just Natalie’s beauty that makes her a powerful influencer who collaborates with plastic surgery clinics and promotes stays, or is there a different reason she’s building an IG empire?

Due to his bizarre antics on 90 day fiancé and on social networks, Natalie received the “Craziest HEA Cast MemberHeadline by TLC viewers. During 90 day fiancé season 7, Natalie’s goal was to get Mike to start a family. She really wanted to have a baby. However, she also wanted to compare Mike to her second ex-husband. Natalie finally threw Mike’s ring in the finale.

Related: 90 Day Fiancé: Ariela Shocks With The Real Reason She Did The Reverse

During the Tell-All, Natalie went on to claim that Mike cheated on her with her best friend, a conversation that was brought up again in 90 day fiancé season 8. During her second stint, fans seemed to become more critical of Natalie. They perceived his behavior towards Mike as stubborn. however, 90 Day Fiancé: Forever? made some viewers more sympathetic to her.

Natalie Mordovtseva’s behavior on social networks attracts attention

Natalie’s shocking behavior on social media included her posting of Instagram photos that were major flashbacks, or news where she hid her real face behind multiple filters. When Natalie Mordovtseva came back for 90 day fiancé season 8, she made a clean sweep of Instagram by removing all evidence that Mike was her “#husband.“Her changed appearance on IG and elsewhere sparked rumors that she was pregnant or undergoing a breast augmentation procedure.

Fans want to see what Natalie Mordovtseva will do next

Natalie Mordovtseva in 90 Days Fiancé 7

More fans followed Natalie to see what she would post next, and she added another content strategy, namely her weird cooking video tutorials. While the videos urged fans to call the 90 day fiancé Featured for possible racial appropriation (and eating her own hair while she ate), Natalie shocked people by revealing her metamorphosis after losing 30 pounds. She looked very different. See Natalie talk about fitness below:

Natalie Mordovtseva’s followers have skyrocketed

With her growing number of followers, Natalie’s fame grew. Then she started getting brand approval and someone even offered to do liposuction procedures on her back, waist and face. At the same time, Natalie also started her own fitness program in collaboration with a Facebook trainer friend who helped her lose weight after following a Keto diet. Although her own married life with Mike was in shambles, Natalie offered to give relationship advice on Cameo and also promoted a hotel in Tampa. Additionally, she strived to become a Maxim cover girl.

It looks like Natalie, who received a facial in a recent IG post (as seen above) has smartly channeled the hate she receives on social media to increase her organic reach. Even if a fan leaves a comment like, “Oh please just go to your placee ”, this further strengthens Natalie’s commitment, helping her get more brand associations and grow her influence. Natalie recently told a fan, “haters make up half of any TV audience, and black PR is much stronger than white,”Which means that all advertising is good advertising, whether negative or positive. Natalie made the remark after a fan asked the 90 day fiancé star, whose glam makeover reveal really stood out, to go see a therapist.

Next: 90 Day Fiancé: Why Natalie Mordovtseva Really Had Nose Surgery

Source: Natalie Mordovtseva

Stacey Silva 90 Days Fiancé

90 day fiancé: Stacey’s completely unrecognizable new face amazes fans


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Mussels can be a natural filter to remove microplastics from the ocean https://www.plamo.info/mussels-can-be-a-natural-filter-to-remove-microplastics-from-the-ocean/ https://www.plamo.info/mussels-can-be-a-natural-filter-to-remove-microplastics-from-the-ocean/#respond Fri, 16 Jul 2021 19:00:56 +0000 https://www.plamo.info/mussels-can-be-a-natural-filter-to-remove-microplastics-from-the-ocean/ In the waters of a marina near the Plymouth Marine Laboratory in England, a group of mussels are busy filtering the water for microplastics. As bivalves feed, they suck bacteria, algae, and anything in their environment, including microplastics, out of the water and into their gills. When they excrete waste, the microplastics accompany them – […]]]>

In the waters of a marina near the Plymouth Marine Laboratory in England, a group of mussels are busy filtering the water for microplastics. As bivalves feed, they suck bacteria, algae, and anything in their environment, including microplastics, out of the water and into their gills. When they excrete waste, the microplastics accompany them – “repackaged,” says Professor Pennie Lindeque, scientific manager of the laboratory for marine ecology and biodiversity, in a way that allows people to collect and dispose of them. easily remove them from the ocean.

[Photo: courtesy PML]

Microplastics – tiny pieces of plastic less than 5 millimeters in diameter – are abundant in our oceans and rivers, breaking away from larger chunks of plastic pollution, wearing out tires that enter the water with them. runoff from the roads; and washing our clothes and traveling through sewage treatment facilities. Collecting these microplastics is difficult: When researchers try to use fine sieves to extract them from the ocean, they often end up collecting a lot of organic matter and marine life as well.

[Photo: courtesy PML]

Knowing that mussels are “naturally voracious filter feeders,” says Lindeque (an adult mussel can filter up to 15 gallons of water a day), she thought maybe they could turn to nature to solve this. microplastic pollution problem.

The mussels currently filtering the water in Plymouth Marina are part of a series of field trials; Already, Lindeque and his team have completed laboratory research in which 5 kilograms of mussels (about 11 pounds, or about 300 mussels) were placed in a flow tank, which mimics currents, along with phytoplankton for food. and microplastics. In this experiment, the mussels filtered over 250,000 microplastics per hour. It’s in terms of parts; Computer modeling in the lab revealed that mussels could filter up to 25% of microplastics in water.

These microplastics got trapped in the mussel poo, which naturally flows into the water column. The researchers were able to collect all of this excrement and dispose of it. In the future, Lindeque hopes to investigate whether this plastic-filled poo could be used as a biofuel, since it’s high in carbon. In field trials, the team uses nets with containers underneath to catch all of this waste, so the pieces of plastic and poo don’t sink to the bottom of the ocean. (This research received funding from the Waitrose Plan Plastic grant fund, which uses money from the sale of plastic bags at Waitrose grocery stores to find solutions to reduce plastic pollution in the UK)

[Photo: courtesy PML]

Due to their exceptional filtering power, mussels have been used to clean polluted water as “blue infrastructure” and to monitor heavy metals. Using them to clean microplastics is a first, says Lindeque. As research continues, she will focus on using molds where microplastics enter the water, such as near a storm drain or at the end of a pipeline from a water treatment plant, or in marinas and ports.

All of this happens without any damage to the mussels, says Lindeque. Smaller pieces of plastic called nanoparticles can slide through mold membranes and enter their tissues, but the microplastics are too big. While some previous research has shown that exposure to microplastics can harm mussels – primarily their ability to produce strong byssal yarns, the fibers that bind mussels to or between rock – these experiments were performed at concentrations of much higher microplastics than in natural environments. .

Plus, mussels are already eating plastic, anyway. By monitoring them, keeping them in cages to survive predators, and collecting their plastic-filled poo, their regular process could be used to help clean up the ocean. It’s not a complete solution: Molds can’t reach all microplastics, and we still need to work on reducing single-use plastic and transitioning to a circular economy, says Lindeque. But it could make a difference, in several ways. “Beauty is because it’s a nature-based solution,” she says, “by putting them back in nature, we are helping to increase biodiversity and rewild what was there. anyway.


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